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  1. GANESH
  2. Master Gita Master Life
  3. 22 March 2019
What is the difference, sankhya, jnana and vijnana
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  1. Nandini
  2. 1 month ago
  3. #74
Hari Om!

In my limited understanding,

Sankhya as explained by Pujya Swamiji is the ultimate knowledge which is Jiva Brahmaikya, the non duality.
Sankhya also refers to that knowledge that leads to equanimity.

Jnana is knowledge of any kind-not essentially the ultimate knowledge of non duality.

Vijnana is wisdom.Wisdom is above plain knowledge. It touches upon Self knowledge-That is , our real nature is not Body, Mind or Intellect,but it is the immutable Imperishable and Immortal Self or Atman .

Thus, from mere knowledge of the world, we proceed to Vijnana or the knowledge about our true nature. From that point, we further evolve higher into the realm of Sankhya-which is the oneness between Jiva , the individual with Paramatma or Brahman.
  1. Leela
  2. 1 month ago
  3. #76
Hari om. As understood by me, Samyak khyaayate anayaa iti samkhyaa . That which explains very well is samkhyaa. That which explains Atmavidya very well is samkhyaa and that is upanishad. That which is explained by upanishad or samkhyaa is Atmavidya or. Saamkhya. What is explained in upanishad is jivabrahmaikyam. So saamkhya is Self knowledge.
  1. Leela
  2. 1 month ago
  3. #77
Jnana is intellectual knowledge, vignana is experiential or wisdom. Hari om.
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Hari Om!

From some notes I had taken:

About SAankhya

Sankhyaya yaha pratipadyate yah SAankhya (SAankhya is the Self that is explained in the Upanishad)
So, Sankhya is Upanishad and SAankhya is Atma, Brahman OR Jiva Brahma Aikya OR Atma Brahma Aikya - Self Supreme reality Identity [that which is explained by Sankhya]

About Jnana and Vigjnana -

This was a question in one of the Q&A sessions copied below for convenience:
Question: In reference to Knowledge (Jnana) to overcome Atma Moha - What is Vigyana and how to be established in this?
Reponse:
Knowlegde (Jnana) is "I am the Self"...It is not “I am not the body/mind…” That knowlege destroys Atma Moha
When this knowledge is intellectual is Jnana - When experienced is called Vijnana
How to be estbalished? Do Shravan Manana Nididhyasana

Jnana is knowledge:

1) In relation to perception:

I see earth as flat but I know it is spherical
This is called as Jnana Chakshu - eye of knowledge. That which cancels the power of perception is eye of knowledge.

2) In relation to intellectual knowledge or knowledge that is direct experience

a) One may have an emergency due to sorrow, One may have discovered to be deluded but when teacher gives you that knowledge, will you be capable of experiencing, realizing that? It depends on whether One has these qualities (Sadhanachatushtayam). With qualities, these won’t be paroksha (indirect) but will be paroksha (direct, One’s own realization). It won’t become mere Jnana (intellectual) but will become Vignana (direct experience)
b) That knowledge which is pending discovery is called Paroksha Jnana.
c) If knowledge itself is discovery it is called Aparoksha Jnana.
d) When paroksha jnana becomes aparoksha jnana then knowledge is perfected.
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  1. more than a month ago
  2. Master Gita Master Life
  3. # 1
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Thanks to all, From your responses and my understanding is

1. Sankhya means that which indicates about the obsolute reality knowledge of the self and the knowledge of action
2. Jnana is the knowledge of physics, chemistry, engineering and the self knowledge.
3. Vijnana is the direct experience of the self knowledge
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  1. more than a month ago
  2. Master Gita Master Life
  3. # 2
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