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Resolved Terminology

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  1. Krishnan
  2. Master Gita Master Life
  3. 19 June 2019
The words, Sankhya yoga and Sankhyayogi, Karma yoga and Karma yogi, Karma Sansyasa, Vividisha Sanyasa, Vidwat Sanyasa, Muni, etc are used in different contexts. What exactly is the difference between each of them, especially in the context of the question asked by Arjuna in Chapter 3 and Chapter 5.
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Hari Om,
If you go back to Chap 2-part B, in the first discourse itself, Swamiji had explained Sankya yoga, and in Chapter 3's first discourse, the 12 steps of spiritual wisdom from Karma Yoga to Videha Mukti was explained so you will find details of terminology in that.
Thanks.
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  1. more than a month ago
  2. Master Gita Master Life
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Yes, that is where i picked up these words from. My question is in understanding Arjuna's question in chapter 3 and 5 with respect to these relevant words and how they differ from each other.
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  1. more than a month ago
  2. Master Gita Master Life
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Sankhya Yoga - this is the highest teaching given by Bhagavan since Arjuna is in sorrow, has surrendered and asked for help

Karma Yoga - this is taught (as the starting point of spiritual journey) since Arjuna did not understand teaching in Sakhya yoga i.e. in chapter 3 he asks why he should do Karma when Bhagavan praises Sthithapragnasya

Karma Yogi and Sankhyayogi - this comes as response to Arjuna's question in chapter 5 when Bhagavan explains that both reach the highest goal - In chapter 3, this is implied since Bhagavan talks of the two paths of which Arjuna is eligible to be the first (i.e. to be a Karma Yogi)

Basic difference between the two (based on chapter 3, 5) is this:
Karma Yogi does not have knowledge of being non-doer but still renounces action by becoming instrument of Lord i.e. surrendering one's own will to that of Lord. Here, Karma Yogi experiences results of action but they are surrendered to Lord - e.g. by saying they are not for me/my pleasure.

Sankhyayogi has the knowledge (through shravana/manana/nididhyasana) of not being the karta so renounces action that way - there is no question of results of action since this yogi understands oneself to be the non-doer.

Vividisha Sanyasa and Vidwat Sanyasa was taught by Swamiji when he explained the overall path -- they are not explicitly called out as such in the text but are implied through various verses. This was one of the exercises that Swamji asked to do -- to find out which verse refers to them.
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